What Are The Different Types Of Wine?

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Written By Roseanne

Charlie's been a wine enthusiast for 20+ years. He and Roseanne have a vast amount of experience and expertise in wine refrigerators.





This article will go over the various types of wine that exist, as well as some specific examples of these wines and their qualities.

Wine Ingredients

Wine is a drink that has inspired a salacious undercurrent in many of us. Wine has become one of our most popular beverages, and we sometimes feel bad about it.

The following ingredients are essential to our enjoyment of the beverage. Wine is a sweet beverage with a lot of punch, fruit flavor, tannin, and overall high alcohol content. However, this type of beverage has a long history, with an athlete, winemaker, and director, as they say.

However, one of the most important elements in wine drinking that determines a wine’s success is the grape varietals, which relate to the flavor, color, and taste of the wine.

When wine is paired with food or for a special occasion, it becomes a very nuanced experience. This contains a lot of alcohol and provides full, sophisticated, and refined pleasure to your senses.

Types of Wines

The type of wine varies from region to region. We’ll go over some of the most common varieties below:

Red Wine

Red wine is made from dark-colored grape varieties, and the color of each wine varies depending on the variety and age, with younger red wine having more of a violet shade, whereas more mature wines have a red and brown color.

The majority of red wine produced each year is a blend of 12 different types of red wine, the most common of which are Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Riesling, Robusta, Sangiovese, Cabernet Franc, Vitis Vinifera, or Petite Sirah.

They ferment in oak barrels. This brings out the red color in the skin and creates that rich, strong taste that develops immediately in your mouth.

Rose Wine

Rose grape is related to red wine. This wine blend is made from a wide variety of grapes found all over the world and can be still, semi-sparling, or sparkling.

It is available in a variety of sweetness levels, ranging from sweet White Zinfandel to dry Provencal wine.

The predominant grape type used to make Rose wine is black-skinned grapes, and the grape skin is left in contact with the juice for a short period of time, usually ranging from two hours to twenty hours.

White Wine

White wine is fermented without contact with the grape skin.

It is typically made from ‘white’ grapes, which are actually yellow and green. However, some white wine varieties are made from grapes with different colored skin, as long as the wort and pulp of these grapes are not stained.

Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, and Chardonnay are some of the most popular types of white wine.

White wines are thought to be lighter in flavor and more refreshing.

Dessert Wine

There is no universally accepted definition of desert wine; however, the general consensus is that it is simply a sweet-tasting wine that is paired with a dessert meal.

The sugar content of these wines is typically much higher than that of other types of wine.

Ortega, Muscat, and Huxelrebe are three popular grape varieties used to make dessert wines.

Dry Wine

A dry wine is simply one that contains no residual sugar and thus does not taste sweet.

Alcohol is produced during the fermentation process, and the live yeast consumes the sugar found in the juice. This process is permitted in dry wines, but not in sweeter wines, where the winemaker will stop the fermentation process after a certain amount of time, depending on the desired level of sweetness/dryness.

Fruit Wine

Fruit, flowers, and herbs are essential components of fruit wine.

For as long as it can be fermented, virtually any fruit/flower/herb can be used in the process, but the most common types of fruit wines are strawberry, raspberry, cherry, plum, pineapple, pomegranate, dandelion, and others.

These wines are extremely popular in regions around the world, including Africa, India, North America, the Philippines, and Scandinavia.

Fortified Wine

A fortified wine is one that has a distilled spirit added to it.

Sherry, Port, Brandy, Marsala, Madeira, and other spirits are commonly used in fortified wines.

One of the primary reasons for the popularity of fortified wine was the effect of alcohol/ethanol on wine preservation.

Sparkling / Sweet Wine

These are the most well-known alcoholic beverages. Scents associated with sparkling wine are typically fermented in a liquid. Dessert Wine is one of the best wines for this type of wine drinker.

These are made with sparkling water and naturally occurring sugar.

This is a sweet wine that ranges from dry to medium to full-bodied.


We hope you found this guide useful in learning about the various types of wine available. If you want to be a wine collector, you’ll need not only a collection of wine, but also a place to store it and more information on how to keep your wine chilled at the proper temperature.

Why not check out our other useful resource guides listed below:

  • Is it worth buying a wine fridge
  • Thermoelectric vs compressor wine coolers
  • Built-in vs freestanding wine coolers






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